Reactions of benzene

9/18/02

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Table of Contents

Reactivity and properties of benzene derivatives ˇ2D

Electrophilic aromatic substitution

General mechanism 

Animation

Reaction energy profile

Points to remember

Bromination of benzene

Bromination of benzene

Reaction energy profile

Nitration

Mechanism of nitration

Sulfonation

Mechanism of sulfonation

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation

Mechanism of alkylation

Acylation

Acylation

Alkylation with alkenes

Alkylation with alcohols

Second substitution reactions

Substituent types

Ortho, para- substitution ˇeffect of donor

Ortho, para- substitution ˇeffect of donor

Meta- substitution ˇeffect of donor

Effect of donor groups on rate

Meta-substitution ˇeffect of withdrawing group

Effect of withdrawing groups on rate

Summary

One activating group is sufficient

Author: Steve Glover 

Email: sglover@metz.une.edu.au

Home Page: http://www.une.edu.au/chemistry/research/glover.html

Other information:
These slides are not animated as they are in lectures. Animated molecules are presented as pictures. This material may only be reproduced with the express approval of the author. 


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